In the human body, zinc is only found in a very small concentration, but it is a vital element for all biochemical and physiological functions. Thanks to specific physical and chemical properties that allow it to form characteristic compounds, it is one of the most "ubiquitous" nutrients not only in the human body, but also in other animals and plants and plays an important role in their metabolism.
Zinc is an essential element for all forms of life, it is part of or an activator of a whole range of enzymes. The body needs it for the correct synthesis of proteins and DNA and contributes to the correct metabolism of acids and bases, carbohydrates and fatty acids.
Zinc and imunity
Zinc is a trace element essential for the immune system, and its deficiency affects the body's defenses. Zinc good levels help the body increase its resistance to pathogens and fight bacteria and viruses.
Zinc and healthy bones
Zinc is present in trace amounts in all cells of the body, but the majority is found in the bones. Especially during pregnancy, breastfeeding and during the growth period, the body needs zinc in sufficient quantities for proper growth, development and formation of bones. But also in case of fractures and as a prevention of osteoporosis (along with other helpers for healthy bones, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, silicon, ..). For example, it helps store calcium in the bone.
The benefits of zinc on hair, nails and skin
Zinc is a mineral of beauty. It It is crucial to our overall well-being, including skin health and also healthy hair and nails. Lack of zinc is considered to be one of the causes of hair loss. It acts as an antioxidant, mitigating aging processes, and participates in cell regeneration. About 6% of the zinc content in our body is found in the skin. Zinc stimulates tissue regeneration and has the ability to speed up the healing of wounds, scars, ulcers and virtually eliminate all skin defects. It is also linked with the treatment of burns. It is often used in the treatment of psoriasis, acne and various eczemas. Already in the past, this metal element has been used in medicine to relieve itching, speed up the healing of various skin injuries, but also as an effective remedy for burning eyes and other eye problems.
Zinc affects taste and smell, and its deficiency can be manifested especially in the first 3 months of pregnancy by sensitivity to smells. It is also often used when you have a bad taste, it increases the sharpness of taste and stimulates the appetite. Conversely, loss of appetite can also indicate a deficiency of this mineral.
Correlation between zinc and testosterone
For men, zinc is a key nutrient, as it helps maintain a normal level of testosterone in the blood and contributes to normal fertility and reproduction. It is important in the stage of development of the genitals. Many studies have noted that if the body has low levels of testosterone and low levels of zinc at the same time, then increasing the value of zinc through food or dietary supplements can simultaneously help to increase testosterone levels and vice versa. Zinc deficiency can lead to low testosterone levels.
What happens if your body is deficient in zinc?
Zinc deficiency is associated with , for example, disorders of smell or taste, loss of appetite, slow wound healing, depressed mood, fatigue, reduced immunity, and hair loss. The quality of hair, nails and skin also often deteriorates. The skin is very rough, dry, inflamed and small cracks or blisters form in places. It is good to think about possible zinc deficiency in children who suffer from loss of appetite and are often sick. During adolescence, its deficit affects growth and development disorders.
Adequate zinc levels are particularly important during pregnancy. It affects a number of developmental processes, if a deficiency occurs in the mother's body, complications, spontaneous abortions or premature births may occur.
A sufficient supply of zinc is also necessary for diabetics, because it is important for the production of insulin. In case of a lack of it, little insulin is produced and this will affect the metabolism of sugar in the diabetic's body.